BY HANNA HINTON-MOSES
The name Cleopatra has been used by other many Egyptian queens, but the most know queen is Cleopatra VII. She was born around 69 BC in Alexandria, Egypt. Her father was King Ptolemy XII Auletes, her mother is still unknown but people think it could’ve been her father’s sister, Cleopatra V Tryphaena, to this day they are still unsure though. Cleopatra’s family had been reigning over Egypt for a couple centuries before she had taken the thrown. In 51 BC her father had died and left the kingdom to her and her younger brother, Ptolemy XIII. When this had happened Cleopatra was only eighteen years of age and was forced to marry her younger brother, due to Egyptian laws.
For the first three years of her reign Cleopatra, had taken advantage of the age difference of her and her brother. She had dropped his name from all administrative documents, had her own portrait, and had placed her name in on legal tender. Although she was ignoring her brother it was short lived. Her brother’s advisors led by Pothinus had started to conspire against her, so then removed her from power and she was forced into exiled in Syria with her younger sister Arsinone IV. While she was there she started to form an army along Egypt’s border.
Cleopatra had made a plan to meet Julius Caesar to talk about a political alliance to help her get the throne back. Apparently she had wrapped herself in a rug then had it smuggled back into Alexandria and then had it delivered to him. When she had gotten out of the rug she had quickly captured Caesar’s attention. Although he was married with in that evening Caesar and Cleopatra had become lovers, but more importantly she had a link to the Roman empire. Well, Caesar got Cleopatra her throne back. When she came back she had married her youngest brother Ptolemy XIV, who was only eleven years old at the time. It was also around this time that she had gotten pregnant with Caesar’s son, he was born and named Ptolemy XV, he was also call Caesrion or Little Caesar. It was about 44 BC when Caesar was stabbed to death at a Senate gathering, so then Cleopatra was forced to flee back to Egypt.
In about 42 BC when Cleopatra had met Mark Antony, like she did with Julius Caesar she would use her charm to get with a powerful man who had control over part of the Roman Empire. The relationship had turned romantic quickly and Antony would be spending winter in Alexandria with Cleopatra. Antony had many affairs and the Roman Senate was angry about it so they declared war on Egypt, but Antony and Cleopatra’s army so they were soundly defeated. Antony had committed suicide by stabbing himself soon after Cleopatra committed suicide by getting bitten by a asp, an Egyptian cobra.
Even though she was the first Cleopatra or the first female pharaoh, she is still the most know in her time.